United Nations Population Fund for Morocco

The attached PDF is a detailed account of the final United Nations’ Population Fund document for Morocco. Despite it being a little old, the document provides excellent data that could be used at your site or personal use.

The money from this program is broken up into 4 main uses:

  1. Reproductive Health and Rights
  2. Population and Development
  3. Gender Equality
  4. Program Coordination and Assistance

Here is a small introduction to the entire document:

“I. Situation analysis

1. Morocco is a middle-income country. The per capita gross domestic product was $2,811 in 2009. The percentage of the population living below the poverty line decreased from 15.3 per cent in 2001 to 8.9 per cent in 2007. The country is on target to reach the Millennium Development Goals, though sustained attention is needed to reduce maternal and child mortality.

2. The Government has launched a number of initiatives to spur economic development and create employment opportunities for young people, including the ‘Plan Emergence’ on industrial development; ‘Plan Maroc Vert’ on agriculture; and ‘Plan Azur’ for the tourist industry. In 2005, the Government launched the ‘Initiative nationale de développement humain’ to reduce societal exclusion and precarious living situations. It has also established a consultative commission on regionalization as part of its decentralization process.

3. Religion and civil society play important roles in Morocco. The number of women elected or appointed to public office is increasing. The percentage of women in local councils increased from 0.6 per cent in 2003 to 12.4 per cent in 2009.

4. In 2010, the population of Morocco was estimated at 32 million. The annual population growth rate is 1.1 per cent. The total fertility rate is 2.04 births per woman in urban areas and 2.8 births per woman in rural areas.

5. Needs in the area of reproductive health will continue to increase, since the number of women of reproductive age is projected to increase from 8.5 million to 10 million during the period 2010-2025. In 2004, the age at first marriage was 26.3 years for women and 31.2 years for men, and the contraceptive prevalence rate was 63 per cent among married women. The age at first marriage is influenced by a number of factors, including unemployment among youth, women’s literacy, girls’ education and women’s access to work.

6. Women’s empowerment is still a challenge. Despite the reform of the family law, 47.1 per cent of women are required to be accompanied by another person during medical consultations.

7. In 2009, life expectancy was 74.2 years for women and 71.6 for men. The maternal mortality ratio was 132 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births for the period 2004-2009, compared to 227 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births for 1995- 2003, with disparities between rural and urban areas. Infant mortality decreased from 47 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2004 to 37.9 in 2009, with wide disparities between the richest and poorest families. Launched in 2008, the national plan for accelerating the reduction of maternal and neonatal mortality has improved access to and the quality of obstetrical and neonatal care.

8. HIV prevalence among the general population is low (0.1 per cent). However, the prevalence rate is 2.38 per cent among sex workers and 4.5 per cent among other vulnerable groups. Breast and cervical cancers cause half of women’s cancer-related deaths.

9. The percentage of the population older than 64 was 8.1 per cent in 2009. Only 16.1 per cent of elderly people (3 per cent of women and 30.4 per cent of men) receive a pension. Moreover, only 8.5 per cent of elderly women and 18.5 per cent of elderly men have health coverage. The transition to the nuclear family model as well as the unemployment and social exclusion of young people has weakened intergenerational relationships and increased the vulnerability of the elderly.

10. Approximately 9 million Moroccans are aged 10-24 years. Aside from placing increasing pressure on the job market, youth pose social, cultural and political challenges. They also offer an unprecedented opportunity for development, which can be realized through education, capacity building, and inclusion in the decision-making process and in social, cultural, economic and political arenas. A 2010 national survey on violence against women found that young people under the age of 35 from disadvantaged groups are the perpetrators of violence in 60 per cent of cases. The 2006 multiple indicator cluster survey revealed a wide disparity in knowledge on AIDS and sexually transmitted infections between the richest and poorest households. In response, the Government is expected to introduce a national integrated youth strategy at the end of 2011. 11. Rapid urbanization and the rural exodus caused by the implementation of sectoral economic strategies will increase the pressure on housing and basic social services and will generate environmental costs. There is a need for specific, reliable data so that the implications of these phenomena can be analyzed.”

The document continues to speak on past cooperation and lessons learned, details about the proposed program (to be enacted from 2012-2016), in addition to the programs management, monitoring, and evaluation.

Morocco CPD

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